4 Quick-Fix Ways to Tackle Pollution

4 Quick-Fix Ways to Tackle Pollution
We live in times where pollution and smog have become buzzwords because of the enormous consequences. People from all walks of life have started to understand the magnitude of health problems caused by pollution. World Health Organization recently declared New Delhi as the most polluted city in the world. While policy level changes are underway to combat pollution, it’s time we took matters in our own hands and made lifestyle changes to increase our immunity.

Here are some simple ways to protect yourself from pollution:

1. Lifestyle Changes
A holistic improvement in your daily lifestyle is essential for strengthening immunity. Eating healthy and exercising regularly is basic. Also, practicing mindfulness plays a very important role in preventing lifestyle diseases. For example, if you live in cities with higher pollution levels, working out indoors may be wiser than breathing in the dense, polluted air.

2. Monitor Air Pollution Level
In a highly polluted environment, it is sometimes empirical to avoid exposing yourself to it. While this is not possible on a regular basis, you can keep a tab on air pollution levels and plan outdoor activities on days when the air quality is relatively better. You can monitor air quality on any television news channel or just check it online (http://aqicn.org/city/delhi/r.k.-puram/). This is a change that may save your lungs.

3. Prevention is as Essential as Cure
The best way to deal with unforeseen illness is to armour your body sufficiently and allow it to fight against diseases. Fortify from within through nutrition. Eat foods which build immunity. Consuming herbal or Ayurvedic herbs like Guduchi can strengthen your immunity significantly. Guduchi increases the effectiveness of protective white blood cells that fight infection and augments immune responses to infections.

4. Green Remedy for Pollution-Aided Ailments
One of the most potent herbs that have won the confidence of our forefathers is Tulsi. With powerful medicinal properties, Tulsi is one of the best natural cures for cough and cold. These are two common ailments in an environment heavy with smog, and natural remedies are the best way to combat them. Tulsi modulates healthy immune response and supports early recovery from respiratory illnesses, supresses cough and assists in calming and dilating the lung’s airways, thus relieving chest congestion.
These simple tips will help you combat pollution-aided diseases and lead a lifestyle that celebrates personal wellness.


5 Easy Stretching Exercises to Improve Your Flexibility

5 Easy Stretching Exercises to Improve Your FlexibilityWe’ve often been told to begin our workout with stretches but do we know if we need them at all? Why, yes! Stretching imparts flexibility which helps you zip through your training sessions. But stretching has a lot to offer and not just when it comes to exercise. Stretching can have wonderful calming effects – it energizes and relaxes. Here’s your ultimate guide to stretching.

Before or after the workout?

We’d say both. It’s good to stretch before your workout as it allows your body to warm up. It encourages blood flow to your muscles along with extra oxygen and nutrients required to pull through the workout. It prepares your body for the stress ahead.

“Before the workout we focus on dynamic stretching where one does not hold the stretch but rather maintains movement. The purpose of this is to warm up the muscles and connective tissues to prepare for the workout ahead,” says Uday Raj Anand, Founder Crush Fitness India.

It is also equally important to stretch after the workout. Stretching helps in recovery as during the workout your muscles release some toxins which move into the blood stream and can be eradicated if your stretch after your workout. Uday shares, “ After the workout, we focus on static stretching wherein the muscle is stretched to its maximum range and held in that position for 10-30 seconds depending on the stretch and the level of advancement of the person.

He explains further that static stretching is crucial to imrove flexibility. It helps in improving blood circulation and delivery of the much needed nutrition to the stressed muscles after a workout. “A more recently discovered benefit of stretching is that it opens up space for the muscle to grow. Muscles are surrounded by tight fibrous tissues called fascia which can restrict muscle growth unless properly stretched. For people looking to achieve muscle gain stretching is crucial but unfortunately often neglected,” Uday adds.

Here are five easy stretching exercises which you must incorporate in your fitness routine to improve your flexibility and get that fit body of your dreams.

1. Hamstring Stretches
These stretched target the back of your legs. It’s best to do them at the end of a workout. You hamstrings need to be flexible for a healthy back, hips and knees. The reclined stretch, forward bend, scissor stretch and the standing hamstring stretch are some exercises that you can try.

2. Glutes Stretches
These exercises are great for back pain relief as they help in opening up tight hips. For glutes stretches you could use a foam roller. “Foam rollers are simple tools that help you stretch easily and effectively. They add immense value to your stretching regime,” says Uday.

Try the seated spinal twist. Extend your legs straight in front of you. Bend your right knee and place your right heel close to your sit-bone. Place your right arm behind your and place your palms on the floor. Place your left hand on your right knee and gently pull the knee to the left till you feel the pressure. Hold for 30 seconds, release and then repeat with the other leg.

3. Shoulder Stretches
Shoulder rolls and rotations are the best to give relief for tight shoulders. Another exercise that does wonders is the cow-face pose. Straighten your right arm and then bend it behind your head. Move you left arm behind your back while bending your elbow. Try to reach the right fingertips with your left arm and stretch. Repeat with the other hand.
If you have a sitting job, it increases the pressure on the soft tissues and joints in the shoulder area. This leads to stiff and sore shoulders. Also, since the shoulder is a part of your neck, ribs and back, so the whole area depends on the movement of the ligaments and the muscles of the shoulder.

4. Abdominal Stretches
It’s quite helpful to stretch your abs post a core workout to prevent soreness or pain the next day. The cobra yoga pose is a great stretching exercise that you could try. You can also use an exercise ball to do side bends and spinal stretches.

5. Neck Stretches
You may have slept in a wrong position or you may have a sitting job, but that crick in the neck is not only annoying, it can also cause headaches and back pain. Stretch the sides of the neck for instant relief. You can also try the back neck stretch where you reach both your hands behind your back and hold on to the right wrist with your left hand. Straighten your arms and pull away slightly. Hold the stretch for about 30 seconds, release and switch sides.

Before you begin stretching, Fitness expert Uday Raj Anand busts two common myths that you probably believed up until now.

Myth 1: Body builders don’t need to stretch.

Fact: Everyone needs to! A common barrier to explosive muscle growth is the tight fibrous network of the facial tissues around the muscles. Stretching is essential to open up the space available for the muscle to grow.

Myth 2: You should focus on stretching the body part that feels sore.

Fact: The whole body is interconnected. Soreness in your hamstrings may be because of stiffness in your lower back or vice versa. Ever noticed why people with low back problems walk with their knees slightly bent? The pain in their lower back causes stiffness and lack of flexibility in their hamstrings. Have a whole body workout routine to ensure overall flexibility and muscle health.

Don’t hold back, stretch away!

Suffering from High BP? Try Yoga

Suffering from High BP? Try Yoga

Practising hatha yoga — a combination of asanas, pranayam and meditation — daily as well as maintaining healthy lifestyle may help reduce blood pressure in patients with pre hypertension, a study has found.

Pre hypertension — slightly elevated blood pressure — is blood pressure readings with a systolic pressure from 120 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure from 80 to 89 mm Hg. Readings greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg are considered hypertension — or high blood pressure.

“Patients with pre hypertension are likely to develop hypertension unless they improve their lifestyle,” said lead author Ashutosh Angrish, cardiologist at Sir Gangaram Hospital in Delhi.

“Both pre hypertension and high blood pressure raises the risk of heart attack, stroke and heart failure,” Angrish added.

The investigators found that in the yoga group, both 24 hour diastolic BP and night diastolic BP significantly decreased by approximately 4.5 mmHg, while the 24 hour mean arterial pressure significantly decreased by around 4.9 mmHg.
“Although the reduction in blood pressure was modest, it could be clinically very meaningful because even a 2 mmHg decrease in diastolic BP has the potential to decrease the risk of coronary heart disease by 6 per cent and the risk of stroke and transient ischaemic attack by 15 per cent,” Angrish said.

In the study, the team investigated the impact of hatha yoga, which included stretching exercises (asanas), breath control (pranayam) and meditation, on blood pressure in 60 patients with pre hypertension who were otherwise healthy.

Controlling blood pressure, cholesterol as well as adopting a healthy lifestyle including daily exercise regimen such as yoga, may help prevent cardiovascular disease.

The findings were presented at the 68th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI) held in Kochi, Kerala.

Cancer Cases Up by 50% in Less Developed Countries: Study

Cancer Cases Up by 50% in Less Developed Countries: Study

While there has been a 33 per cent increase in the global cases of cancers between 2005 and 2015, the countries with the lowest development status saw a 50 per cent rise during the same period, a study by the Global Burden of Disease collaboration has found.

In contrast, countries with a high development status had 44 per cent of new cancer cases.

The findings showed that in 2015, there were 17.5 million new cancer cases worldwide and 8.7 million deaths.

Although cancer is the world’s second leading cause of death after cardiovascular diseases, the chances of developing the deadly disease and dying from it look radically different depending on where you live, the researchers said.

“The cancer divide is real and growing,” said lead author Christina Fitzmaurice, Assistant Professor at the University of Washington in US.

“The number of new cancer cases is climbing almost everywhere in the world, putting an increasing strain on even the most advanced health systems. But the most rapid and troubling escalation can be seen in countries of lower development status, which can ill afford it,” Fitzmaurice added.

For the study, the team grouped 32 types of cancer and analysed 195 countries based on their socio-demographic index (SDI) — a combined measure of education, income, and fertility.
The researchers found that among all types of cancer the most common were cancers of the breast; tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL); which caused 1.2 million deaths globally, followed by colon and rectum cancer and stomach and liver cancers.

Breast cancer, which accounted for 523,000 deaths in 2015, remained both the most common and deadliest form of cancer for women, the study observed.

Government agencies and the private sector need to expand prevention efforts, especially in lower SDI countries where several of the deadliest cancers, such as cervical and liver cancer, are also the most preventable, the authors noted.

“Increases in new cancer cases and other non-communicable conditions will pose heavy strains on health care systems in the coming decades, especially in low-resource communities,” said Christopher Murray, Director at the University of Washington.

The report was published in JAMA Oncology.

Sleep Loss May up Appetite for Sugary, Fatty Foods

Sleep Loss May up Appetite for Sugary, Fatty FoodsIs it hard for you to avoid gorging on sugar-laden sweets and oily samosas? Your lack of proper sleep is to be blamed.

A new study has suggested that rapid eye movement (REM) sleep loss leads to increased consumption of unhealthy foods, specifically sucrose and fat. REM sleep is a unique phase of sleep in mammals that is closely associated with dreaming and characterised by random eye movement and almost complete paralysis of the body.

The study showed that “the medial prefrontal cortex — brain region that are recruited when thinking about oneself — may play a direct role in controlling our desire to consume weight promoting foods, high in sucrose content, when people lack sleep,” said lead author Kristopher McEown from the University of Tsukuba in Japan.

In the study, the researchers used a new method to produce REM sleep loss in mice along with a chemical-genetic technique to block prefrontal cortex neurons and the behaviours they mediate.
The study showed that blocking these neurons reversed the effect of REM sleep loss on sucrose consumption while having no effect on fat consumption. The prefrontal cortex was found to play a role in judging the palatability of foods through taste, smell and texture.

Moreover, persons who are obese tend to have increased activity in the prefrontal cortex when exposed to high calorie foods, the researchers noted, in the paper published in the journal eLife.

How to Breath Correctly During Yoga: A Step-by-Step Guide

 How to Breath Correctly During Yoga: A Step-by-Step Guide

Right at the center of human existence lies breathing. We wouldn’t exist if we didn’t breathe. One of the most common and basic processes of the human body, the act of breathing, remains wrapped under ignorance. In this feature, we attempt to get to the core of yogic practice – the significance of breathing and how to master it.

Breathing influences the activities of each and every cell in the body and is linked to the performance of the brain. It is said that humans breathe about 15 times per minute, close to 21,600 times per day. Each breath is intimately linked to all aspects of human experience. “I feel most people breathe incorrectly. They use only the small part of their lung capacity. As the breathing is shallow, it deprives the body of oxygen and prana, which are essential to one’s good health,” feels yoga expert Anju Kalhan.


Breathing exercises form the core of yogic practices. They aim to create a harmony and balance within the body, and at times detoxify the system as well. While breathing correctly and practicing breathing techniques have benefits manifold, irregular or incorrect breathing can harm the body in many ways. “Rhythmic, deep and slow respiration stimulates the mind and makes it stress free. However, irregular breathing disrupts the rhythms of the brain and leads to physical, emotional and mental blocks. This may often lead to inner conflicts, unbalanced personality, disordered lifestyle and many diseases,” shared Ms. Kalhan.


Yoga and Breathing Patterns


Under this section not only shall we learn about the ‘correct’ way of breathing in various yogic postures, but also simplify the varied forms of breathing techniques, their significance, as well as their benefits to the human body. Yogi Anoop from the Chaitanya Foundation, Mediyoga, explains the typical yogic breathing as the one where “when you inhale, your stomach swells out, followed by your chest and while you exhale your stomach goes in, followed by your chest”. This is a deep breathing exercise wherein you soak in maximum oxygen filling in your stomach first followed by the chest and vice versa during exhalation.

yogic posture

There are many benefits of practicing the yogic breathing. It is a way to slowly oxygenate your body putting your mind to peace and relaxation.


Ms. Kalhan divides the traditional yogic breathing patterns into four categories:-


1. Abdominal or diaphragmatic breathing: When you breathe long and deep in the abdomen; focusing on expansion of the stomach while inhalation and squeezing the stomach in while exhalation.


2. Thoracic breathing: When you breathe into the lungs upwards and outwards. While doing this, you become more aware of the expansion of the lungs, drawing in air and dropping the lungs as you exhale.


3. Clavicular breathing: When you breathe into your lungs until the expansion is felt in the upper portion of the lungs around the base of the neck. The shoulder and the collar bone also move up. Exhalation is slow releasing from the base of the chest and then the neck.


4. Yogic breathing: She explains this type of breathing as an amalgamation of all of the above in single inhalation. You breathe slow and long, filling up the abdominal area, the chest area as well as the shoulder and the neck areas. You finally begin to release from the stomach first and then the chest followed by the shoulder and the neck.


Yogic breathing is best suited for meditation and can be done while lying down or sitting. Total awareness should be on the breath, ultimately relaxing the mind and body. The breath should flow naturally and not be forced.


“In my opinion, yogic breathing is a great way to relieve conditions like sinus, lungs and heart issues as well as digestive disorders, stomach ailments, stress and respiratory troubles,” said Mithilesh Kumar, M.A in Yoga, Yoga expert.

Breathing Asanas

Apart from yogic breathing, there exists varied asanas which incorporate different breathing techniques. Yogi Anoop throws some light on these differing breathing techniques.

1. Kapalbhati– The sneezing breathing technique, as some may call it, this asana has been drawn from the process of sneezing. While you force-exhale your breath out of your lungs, you are cleansing your frontal brain area and generating heat in the body. “All breathing exercises or techniques that have sound in them and are based on exhalation are great for detoxification. Apart from kapalbhati, bhasrika is another example of such kind of breathing,” noted Yogi Anoop.

2. Alternate Nostril Breathing – Here we are referring to left-to-left nostril breathing and the other way round. Left-to-left nostril breathing, also known as Chandrabhedi Pranayama, is a water dominated asana, which has cooling effect on the body. It activates the right side of the brain and is great in relieving hypertension, excessive heat and relaxing the nervous system. The opposite of this would be right-to-right nostril breathing known as Suryabhedi Pranayama. As the name suggests, this technique is fire dominated and heats up the system. Alternate nostril breathing, popularly known as Anulom Vilom, is great for balancing and relaxing the nervous system.

3. Sheetali Pranayam – This involves breathing in through your tongue which is rolled out like a tube. As you inhale the air, close your mouth and exhale normally through the nostrils. “This is great in lowering your BP, and excellent for the summer,” shared Yogi Anoop.

4. Breathing Retention – Many yogic postures involve breathing retention or holding the breath for a few seconds. This is excellent for strengthening and enhancing the lung capacity. This also facilitates better and greater absorption of oxygen. “While you retain your breath, you supply more oxygen to various parts of the body, in such a case while under stress your brain cells and other organs are better equipped to handle the pressure with the help of more oxygen,” concluded Yogi Anoop.
Things to Keep in Mind


A few things that are worth keeping in mind while doing any asanas would be:


1. Always inhale while in the center position


2. While bending sideways, exhale


3. Forward bending, exhale


4. Whenever the body goes out of the center, you exhale


5. This would be with exception to backward bending, where you inhale


6. “Those who suffer from high blood pressure or heart issues should not attempt breath retention,” said Mithilesh Kumar.


The quality of your life as well the length of it depends on the breaths you take and how you breathe. “Where the breathing is short, the lifespan is likely to be shorter than where the breath is slow and deep. This is because the respiration is directly related to the heart. Deep breathing also increases the absorption of energy enhancing dynamism vitality, promoting general well-being,” concluded Ms. Kalhan.

5 Effective Home Remedies for Swollen Feet

5 Effective Home Remedies for Swollen Feet“Swollen feet normally occur at the time of pregnancy or due to foot/ankle injury or edema. Edema is basically swelling that is caused by fluid retention i.e. when excess fluid is trapped in the body’s tissues,” says Dr. Maninder Singh, Sr. Consultant Orthopedics, Indian Spinal Injuries Centre (ISIC). It is uncomfortable and painful.

“Sometimes swelling can indicate a problem such as heart, liver, or kidney disease. If your ankles swell up in the evening, it could be due to right-sided heart failure,” says Dr. Ashutosh Gautam, Clinical Operations and Coordination Manager at Baidyanath.

Here are some ways to cope naturally with five home remedies for swollen feet –

1. Rock Salt to The Rescue

Dr. Ashutosh Gautam suggests, “Soak your feet in a bucket of lukewarm water with rock salt to get rid of inflammation.” Dr. Maninder Singh says, “Do not use hot water as it will cause the swelling to increase.”

2. Grapefruit Essential Oil

“According to many studies, grapefruit essential oil is a great way to reduce swelling,” says Dr. Ahuja. In a warm bath, add a few drops of grapefruit essential oil and just relax. You can also add it to a bucket of lukewarm water and soak your feet.


3. Cucumber and Lemon Water

“Increase your fluid intake to dilute the salt in your system. Instead of just drinking water to flush things out, add a few slices of cucumber and lemon to the water and enjoy,” says Dr. Gautam. Both these fruits have anti-inflammatory properties and will help you get rid of swollen feet.


4. Load Up On Watermelon

Dr. Ashutosh adds, “Snacking on fresh watermelon will help reduce swelling in your feet. Watermelon is a great diuretic as it contains 92% water and stimulates urination.”

5. Coriander Seeds

This is a popular Ayurvedic treatment for swollen feet. “Coriander seeds are anti-inflammatory in nature and reduce swelling,” says Dr. Ahuja. All you need to do is add 2 to 3 teaspoons of coriander seeds to a cup of water, and boil it until the quantity reduces by half. Then strain the solution, let it cool slightly and drink up. Repeat twice a day.


Other Additional Tips:
Massage Your Feet: “A foot massage creates pressure on the affected area and helps improve blood circulation, relax muscles, and encourages excess fluid drainage which results in reduced swelling. Tip: Gently massage the area for 5-10 minutes in an upward direction, rather than downward,” says Dr. Ashutosh Gautam.
Elevate Your Legs: When it comes to swollen feet, gravity is not your friend. “Elevate your legs on a pillow to relax your feet,” advises Dr. Maninder Singh. Try elevating your legs above the level of heart every chance you get. Even propping them slightly higher can make a big difference and reduce swelling.
Avoid Salty Foods: “Excess salt is a big contributor to swollen feet, so reduce your salt intake,” says Dr. Ashutosh.
Exercise: “Avoid sitting for long hours. Take short breaks and walk around a bit,” advises Dr. Manoj Ahuja, Fortis Hospital. Exercise can help improve blood circulation, lessen swelling and relieve pain.

Why Repeated Dieting May Backfire

Why Repeated Dieting May Backfire
Instead of helping you slim down, repeated dieting may lead to weight gain because the brain interprets the diets as short famines and urges the person to store more fat for future shortages, a study says.

The finding may explain why people who try low-calorie diets often overeat when not dieting and so do not keep the weight off.

By contrast, people who do not diet would learn that food supplies are reliable and they do not need to store so much fat, the study said.

“Surprisingly, our model predicts that the average weight gain for dieters will actually be greater than those who never diet,” said Andrew Higginson, Senior Lecturer at the University of Exeter in England.

“This happens because non-dieters learn that the food supply is reliable so there is less need for the insurance of fat stores,” Higginson said.

The study, published in the journal Evolution, Medicine and Public Health, is based on observations of animals such as birds.

Animals respond to the risk of food shortage by gaining weight, which is why garden birds are fatter in the winter when seeds and insects are hard to find.

The researchers studied a mathematical model of an animal that knows whether food is currently abundant or limited, but does not know when things will change, so must learn about the changeability before deciding how fat to be.
The model showed that if food supply is often restricted (as it is when dieting) an optimal animal should gain excess weight between food shortages.

The researchers’ model predicts that the urge to eat increases hugely as a diet goes on, and this urge would not diminish as weight is gained because the brain gets convinced that famines are likely.

“Our simple model shows that weight gain does not mean that people’s physiology is malfunctioning or that they are being overwhelmed by unnaturally sweet tastes, Professor John McNamara of the University of Bristol in England said.

“The brain could be functioning perfectly, but uncertainty about the food supply triggers the evolved response to gain weight,” McNamara noted.

So how should people try to lose weight?

“The best thing for weight loss is to take it steady. Our work suggests that eating only slightly less than you should, all the time, and doing physical exercise is much more likely to help you reach a healthy weight than going on low-calorie diets,” Higginson pointed out.

Cardio versus Weightlifting: What’s The Best Way to Get Rid of Fat?

Cardio versus Weightlifting: What's The Best Way to Get Rid of Fat?

The world of fitness is shrouded in myths and misconceptions. One of them would certainly be the association of cardio exercises with weight loss and linking weight training with alpha-human, muscular bodies. Cardio and weight training, both work in tandem to drop kilos and help you get toned. While cardio helps in burning fat, resistance training builds muscles in place of the lost fat. Some recent studies suggest that our metabolism stays high from 24 to 36 hours post a high-intensity workout. In order to lose weight, one should get the basics rights. So how to team cardio and weightlifting? Let’s take a deeper look.Cardio

Needless to say, there are numerous benefits of incorporating cardio training in your fitness regime. It facilitates greater lung function, lower resting heart rate and improves heart health. Cardio training can further be divided into two: High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT), and Low Intensity Steady State (LISS). Traditionally, LISS is known to help more calories as compared to HIIT. HIIT is normally done for shorter bouts of time and is known to facilitate greater calorie loss post workout. HIIT enables greater use of gym time and effective fat burn.

Weight Training

Strength training is of the utmost importance in building muscle. Lean muscle tissue will enable burning more calories. 1 kilogram of lean muscle burns 50 extra calories over the same amount of fat which will burn only three calories a day. There are many ways to incorporate strength training in your fitness regime. Body-weight training, for example, pitches your own body weight against it. Then there are methods and techniques such as drop sets, super sets, giant sets among others that help raise the core body temperature and employ more muscle fibre to work; this results in greater calories loss and fat burn.

Pitch them against each other or make them live in harmony?
Neglecting your cardiovascular system will eventually harm your resistance also. A poor cardiovascular system will obstruct your performance in the long term. Though you can be exceptionally good at both, one would need to figure out a plan where both forms of fitness would complement each other and give you maximum results.

Introducing one to two intense cardio sessions to your fitness plan will help your heart and lungs and make them more efficient. Cardio facilitates greater oxygen supply to the body which helps recover the body and muscles from extreme muscle exhaustion. High intensity workout often causes muscles to shut down. This happens due to the build-up of lactic acid which is nothing but a by-product of lack of oxygenated blood getting into the muscle cells. A healthy cardiovascular system helps the body recover. Cardio therefore helps in transporting more oxygenated blood to the muscles, prolonging that build up on lactic acid. It also helps in improving your stamina, resistance and endurance levels. This complex interplay of cardio and weight training will help you gain muscle mass quickly, and the more lean muscle you will have, the more calories you will burn when at rest.

Ask your fitness trainer to design an exciting combination of cardio and resistance training as a part of your routine. Not only will this help your body get a sculpted, chiselled look but also benefit your heart and lungs which will deliver more oxygen-rich blood through to the muscles. You will therefore be able to fight plateaus and unveil the better you – leaner, stronger and healthier.

India Urged to Take Better Initiatives at Stroke Management

India Urged to Take Better Initiatives at Stroke Management

A global meet of experts on neuro sciences — which saw over 500 participants — on Monday called upon the Indian government to increase initiatives for more awareness on brain strokes.

According to them, the necessity for better awareness was more among women as in certain parts of the country women are five times more prone to stroke incidences than men.

“This is attributable to the poor socio-economic status and literacy rates among women. The average age of patients with stroke in developing countries (India) is 15 years younger than those in developed countries like US,” according to the findings of the doctors at the summit, which concluded on Monday.

“Stroke unit implementation remains a big challenge in India. At present in India, there are approximately 35 stroke units and they are predominantly in private sector hospitals in the cities,” said Vipul Gupta, Director, Neuro-intervention, at Artemis Hospital.
He addeed, “Many of the private hospitals lack CT scan facility and they refer for incentives to other hospitals or centres. This results in crucial time being lost. On the other hand, public hospitals lack a dedicated team and place to manage stroke patients. We will be launching a stroke app for patients and doctors.”

Experts from the US, Europe, Oman, Nepal and Bangladesh who participated in the summit showcased the advances in stroke management.

“Lack of awareness, lower rates of literacy and poor primary health care services are the key attributable factors in India behind rising strokes,” said Asai Blaise Baxter, US based neuro-intervention specialist.